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桑德斯的“全民医保”提案成为内华达州强大联盟的立足点



  成为总统初选中的领先者是一把双刃剑,这是一柄双刃剑。伯尼·桑德斯就像他和其他人一样努力学习民主基层周六,他们将精力集中在内华达州的“西部第一”核心小组上。

  这位佛蒙特州参议员在民主党总统候选人提名的民调中领先于前副总统乔·拜登(Joe Biden)。周二,他几乎没有时间享受自己在新罕布什尔州初选中以微弱优势战胜前印第安纳州南本德市(South Bend)市长皮特·布蒂吉格(Pete Buttigiegg)的机会。此前,他面临内华达州政治势力强大的工会对他提出的“全民医保”(Medicare-for-All)计划的猛烈抨击。

  工会是该州两大城市拉斯维加斯和雷诺(Reno)的主导力量,工会的批评让人们怀疑桑德斯是否有能力像他的竞选团队那样,在爱荷华州和新罕布什尔州进入内华达州及更远地区。

简·桑德斯(Jane Sanders)在伯尼(Bernie)2020年竞选中表示:“我认为他会赢得DEM提名

  尽管内华达州传统上可能不像密歇根州、伊利诺伊州或纽约州那样被认为是一个工会州,但工会--尤其是那些代表拉斯维加斯和雷诺大赌场、酒店和餐厅的工人--是银州的强大政治力量。鉴于人口普查数据显示,该州近四分之三的人口居住在拉斯维加斯的所在地克拉克县,因此,获得工会支持的候选人通常都是最终支持该州的人,这一点也就不足为奇了。

  这就是为什么支持“全民医保”的民主党候选人--即桑德斯和佛蒙特州参议员伊丽莎白·沃伦--如果希望抓住内华达州党团的任何代表,他们将面临一条艰难的道路。

  到目前为止,桑德斯最大的挑战是当地烹饪联盟226,它代表了拉斯维加斯赌场的大约6万名管家、搬运工、调酒师和其他员工。

Slide 1 of 23: MIAMI, FLORIDA - JUNE 27: Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) takes the stage for the second night of the first Democratic presidential debate on June 27, 2019 in Miami, Florida. A field of 20 Democratic presidential candidates was split into two groups of 10 for the first debate of the 2020 election, taking place over two nights at Knight Concert Hall of the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts of Miami-Dade County, hosted by NBC News, MSNBC, and Telemundo. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images); WASHINGTON, DC -JANUARY 6: U.S. President Donald Trump returns to the White House after a day trip to Camp David on January 6, 2019 in Washington, DC. (Photo by Chris Kleponis - Pool/Getty Images); FLORENCE, SC - OCTOBER 26: Democratic presidential candidate, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) addresses a crowd outside of the Francis Marion Performing Arts Center October 26, 2019 in Florence, South Carolina. Many presidential hopefuls campaigned in the early primary state over the weekend, scheduling stops around a criminal justice forum in the state capital. (Photo by Sean Rayford/Getty Images)

Slide 2 of 23: President Donald Trump, center, salute with his son Barron, left, and Vice President Mike Pence as they view the 58th Presidential Inauguration parade for President Donald Trump in Washington. Friday, Jan. 20, 2017 (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Slide 3 of 23: NEW YORK, NEW YORK - AUGUST 27: 2020 Democratic presidential candidate John Delaney visits 'Outnumbered Overtime' with host Shannon Bream at FOX Studios on August 27, 2019 in New York City. (Photo by Noam Galai/Getty Images)

Slide 4 of 23: HOUSTON, TEXAS - SEPTEMBER 12: Democratic presidential candidate former tech executive Andrew Yang speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Texas Southern University's Health and PE Center on September 12, 2019 in Houston, Texas. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by ABC News in partnership with Univision. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

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Slide 5 of 23: Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., pats her heart as she speaks at an event to formally launch her presidential campaign, Saturday, Feb. 9, 2019, in Lawrence, Mass. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola)

Slide 6 of 23: SAN ANTONIO, TX - JANUARY 12: Julian Castro, former U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Secretary and San Antonio Mayor, announces his candidacy for president in 2020 at Plaza Guadalupe on January 12, 2019 in San Antonio, Texas. If successful, Castro would be the first Hispanic candidate to win the White House. (Photo by Edward A. Ornelas/Getty Images)

Slide 7 of 23: US Senator from California, Kamala Harris, addresses the media January, 21 2019 at Howard University in Washington, DC after announcing earlier in the day that she is seeking to become the first African American woman to hold the office of US president, joining an already-crowded field of Democrats lining up to take on Donald Trump. - Harris joins Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, Hawaii congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard, New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand and former housing secretary Julian Castro, among others, either in the race or exploring a run for the 2020 Democratic nomination. Nearly 22 months before the 2020 election, the battle for the White House is already firming up, as Americans begin to assess who might be the opposition party nominee to challenge Trump for control of the White House. Harris made the announcement on the national holiday honoring civil rights movement icon Martin Luther King Jr., whom she said her mother met. (Photo by EVA HAMBACH / AFP) (Photo credit should read EVA HAMBACH/AFP via Getty Images)

Slide 8 of 23: SOUTH BEND, INDIANA - APRIL 14: South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg announces that he will be seeking the Democratic nomination for president during a rally in the old Studebaker car factory on April 14, 2019 in South Bend, Indiana. Buttigieg has been drumming up support for his run during several recent campaign swings through Iowa, where he will be retuning to continue his campaign later this week. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

Slide 9 of 23: Protesters hold signs as they demonstrate outside a book-promotion event held by former Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz, Thursday, Jan. 31, 2019, in Seattle. Several dozen protesters gathered outside a downtown theater before Schultz appeared to promote his new book. They included Democrats who fret his candidacy would hand President Donald Trump another term, and green-and-gold-bedecked basketball fans who haven’t forgiven him for selling the Seattle SuperSonics to a group that moved the team to Oklahoma City more than a decade ago. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)

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Slide 11 of 23: U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar waves to the crowd with her husband John Bessler and daughter Abigail Bessler after announcing her candidacy for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination in Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S., February 10, 2019.  REUTERS/Eric Miller - RC1A7D0AE160

Slide 12 of 23: Democratic presidential candidate and U.S. Representative Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) speaks during the California Democratic Convention in San Francisco, California, U.S. June 1, 2019. REUTERS/Stephen Lam

Slide 13 of 23: WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 13: Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) speaks during a news conference to ebruary 13, 2019 in Washington, DC.

Slide 14 of 23: Former Texas Congressman and Democratic party Presidential candidate Beto O'Rourke greets attendees after speaking during a campaign stop in Muscatine, Iowa on March 14, 2019. - Beto O'Rourke, a skateboarding former punk rocker feted as one of the Democratic Party's rising stars, announced March 14, 2019, he is running for president -- joining a crowded field of candidates vying to challenge US President Donald Trump in 2020. (Photo by STEPHEN MATUREN / AFP)        (Photo credit should read STEPHEN MATUREN/AFP via Getty Images)

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Slide 15 of 23: GOOD MORNING AMERICA - Walt Disney Television via Getty Images's Robin Roberts interviews former Vice President Joe Biden in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The interview will air on

Slide 16 of 23: US President Donald Trump arrives to speak during a rally at the Amway Center in Orlando, Florida to officially launch his 2020 campaign on June 18, 2019. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP)        (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images)

Slide 17 of 23: Democratic presidential hopefuls (fromL) Mayor of New York City Bill de Blasio, US Representative for Ohio's 13th congressional district Tim Ryan, former US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julian Castro, US Senator from New Jersey Cory Booker, US Senator from Massachusetts Elizabeth Warren, former US Representative for Texas' 16th congressional district Beto O'Rourke, US Senator from Minnesota Amy Klobuchar, US Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district Tulsi Gabbard, Governor of Washington Jay Inslee and former US Representative for Maryland's 6th congressional district John Delaney arrive to participate in the first Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season hosted by NBC News at the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts in Miami, Florida, June 26, 2019. (Photo by JIM WATSON / AFP)        (Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP via Getty Images)

Slide 18 of 23: ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate Tom Steyer speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)

Slide 19 of 23: 2020 Republican U.S. presidential candidates, former U.S. congressman Joe Walsh, left, and former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld shake hands at the start of a debate in New York, U.S. September 24, 2019.  REUTERS/Mark Kauzlarich - RC18FAACB9A0

Slide 20 of 23: NORFOLK, VA - NOVEMBER 25: Newly announced Democratic presidential candidate, former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg speaks during a press conference to discuss his presidential run on November 25, 2019 in Norfolk, Virginia. The 77-year old Bloomberg joins an already crowded Democratic field and is presenting himself as a moderate and pragmatic option in contrast to the current Democratic Party's increasingly leftward tilt. In recent years, Bloomberg has used some of his vast personal fortune to push for stronger gun safety laws and action on climate change. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

Slide 21 of 23: Precinct captain Carl Voss of Des Moines displays the Iowa Democratic Party caucus reporting app on his phone outside of the Iowa Democratic Party headquarters in Des Moines, Iowa, Tuesday, Feb. 4, 2020. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik)

Slide 22 of 23: Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., with his wife Jane O'Meara Sanders, arrives to speak to supporters at a primary night election rally in Manchester, N.H., Tuesday, Feb. 11, 2020. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Slide 23 of 23: COLUMBIA, SC - FEBRUARY 11: Democratic presidential candidate former Vice President Joe Biden addresses the crowd during a South Carolina campaign launch party on February 11, 2020 in Columbia, South Carolina. Biden skipped a primary night event in New Hampshire after the count there showed a distant finish to front runner Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT).  (Photo by Sean Rayford/Getty Images)

  幻灯片1:迈阿密,佛罗里达州-6月27日:参议员伯尼·桑德斯(I-VT)在佛罗里达州迈阿密举行民主党总统第一次辩论的第二晚登台。在2020年大选的第一场辩论中,20名民主党总统候选人被分成两组,分别在迈阿密-达德县阿希特表演艺术中心的奈特音乐厅(Knight Concert Hall)举行,由全国广播公司(NBC News)、MSNBC和Telemundo主持。(德鲁·安格尔/盖蒂·图片社摄);华盛顿-1月6日:美国总统唐纳德·特朗普于2019年1月6日在华盛顿对戴维营进行了为期一天的访问后返回白宫。(克里斯·克莱波尼斯·普尔/盖蒂图片社摄);弗洛伦斯,SC-10月26日:民主党总统候选人伊丽莎白·沃伦(D-MA)在南卡罗来纳州佛罗伦萨的弗朗西斯·马里恩表演艺术中心外向人群发表演讲。本周末,许多总统候选人在这个初选早期的州里竞选,安排在本州首府的一个刑事司法论坛上停留。(肖恩·雷福德/盖蒂·图片社摄)

  下一次滑行全屏

  1/23幻灯片Drew Angerer/Getty图片;Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Image;Sean Rayford/Getty Image

  确定谁将成为下一任美国总统的竞争正在进行中。以下是通往2020年11月3日选举日的进展情况。

图片服务幻灯片

  工会在周四宣布不会支持民主党竞选中的候选人,在过去的一个月里,工会一直在悄悄地建议其成员不要投票给支持“全民医保”的候选人。工会开始在员工餐厅散发传单,抵制桑德斯提出的“终止医疗保健”的计划。他们辩称,“总统候选人建议迫使数百万勤劳的人放弃医疗保健,造成了工人之间不必要的分歧,并将给我们四年的特朗普任期。”

  工会上周三还发表声明称,其会员遭到桑德斯支持者的“恶意攻击”。据称,桑德斯的支持者对反对候选人“全民医保”的工会成员进行了威胁电话和社交媒体攻击。

  “令人失望的是,桑德斯参议员的支持者恶毒地攻击内华达州的烹饪联盟和工薪家庭,仅仅是因为我们的工会提供了事实,说明了某些医疗保健提案可能会采取何种行动,以取消我们在过去80年中建立的医疗体系,”烹饪联盟本地226(Local 226)的秘书兼财务主管Geoconda Argüello-Kline在她的声明中说。

  在内华达州的竞选周期中,桑德斯一直难以回答他的“全民医保”计划对工会成员意味着什么。去年12月在该州停留期间,桑德斯遭到一群观众的质问:“联邦医疗保健!”当另一位与会者喊道:“你要怎么付钱呢?”

  在民主党初选中,桑德斯的一些竞争对手迅速抓住了与工会的争议。

  “我站在(烹饪226)和他们争取更好的工资,世界级的医疗保健,和美国的梦想为工薪阶层和移民家庭,”布蒂吉格推特。“任何人都不应攻击他们,为他们的成员战斗和运送。”

  沃伦也支持“全民医保”,他在推特上也表示,“任何人都不应该攻击[工会]及其成员。”

  她补充道:“我希望看到每个美国人都能获得高质量、负担得起的医疗保健,我将与他们共同努力,以实现这一目标。”

Bernie Sanders wearing glasses and smiling at the camera

(C)福克斯新闻(Fox News)提供

  为了缓解这种局面,桑德斯周四在推特上表示,他支持烹饪联盟与拉斯维加斯山谷医院(Valley Hospital)的合同战。

  桑德斯在推特上写道:“我站在(工会)一边,为医疗保健、养老金和公平工资而奋斗。”

  工会目前正试图谈判一份员工的合同,这些员工在餐厅工作,打扫病房,但认为医院的母公司UHS不愿意进行公平的谈判。

  桑德斯补充道:“UHS公司盈利7.8亿美元,是全国最大、最赚钱的医院公司之一。他们必须抛开贪婪,走到谈判桌前,谈判一份公平的合同。“

  桑德斯在银州的竞选活动的一个亮点是,并不是所有的工会都赞同他的“全民医保”的提议,就像烹饪联盟所做的那样。

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  服务雇员国际工会1107代表全州的医院和机场工作人员说,它“支持所有将扩大医疗保健的提议”,并称桑德斯的想法和工会支持的医疗保健是“一个错误的选择”。

  SEIU 1107执行董事格蕾丝·维加拉·麦塔尔(Grace Vergara-Mactal)在福克斯新闻(Fox News)的一份声明中表示:“关于美国劳动者是否需要”全民医保“(Medicare-for-all)或工会协商的医疗福利的争论是错误的。”他说:“虽然一些在职人士在工作上有良好的健康护理计划,但很多人却没有。

  她补充道:“获得高质量的医疗服务不应以运气为基础,这应该是一项权利。SEIU成员支持将医疗保健扩大到数百万工作人员及其家庭的所有提议,这是“全民医保”的意愿。




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